LHQ 2.0

The language history questionnaire (LHQ) is an important tool for assessing the linguistic background of bilinguals or second language learners and for generating self-reported proficiency in multiple languages. Previously we developed a generic LHQ based on the most commonly asked questions in published studies (Li, Sepanski & Zhao, 2006). Here we report a new web-based interface (LHQ 2.0) that has more flexibility in functionality, more accuracy in data recording, and more privacy for users and data. LHQ 2.0 achieves flexibility, accuracy, and privacy by using dynamic web-design features for enhanced data collection. It allows investigators to dynamically construct individualized LHQs on the fly and allows participants to complete the LHQ online in multiple languages. Investigators can download and delete the LHQ results and update their user and experiment information on the web. Privacy issues are handled through the online assignment of a unique ID number for each study and password-protected access to data.

The new LHQ 2.0 is easy to use. Simply follow the three steps below:

Step 1: 

The investigator or experimenter completes the sign-up process (by clicking on Investigator Sign-Up under LHQ 2.0 Functions), and receives a unique Experiment ID and an individualized URL associated with his or her experiment.

Step 2: 

The participants complete the LHQ online through the individualized URL, and data (along with participant numbers) are automatically and cumulatively saved.

Step 3: 

The investigator accesses the account management page (by clicking on Account Management) to download or delete data, or to update user and experiment information, through his or her unique Experiment ID and selfgenerated password (from Step 1).

Please cite the reference “Li, P., Zhang, F., Tsai, E., Puls, B. (2014). Language history questionnaire (LHQ 2.0): A new dynamic web-based research tool. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 17(3), 673-680. DOI: 10.1017/S1366728913000606.” in any publications that report data based on LHQ 2.0.

If you have any questions or need further information about the questionnaire, please contact Ping Li or Fan Zhang We welcome your feedback, comments, and suggestions.


LHQ 2.0 Online Questionnaire:


Downloadable Format: